PISA


PISA
   (38), on the Arno, 49 m. by rail W. of Florence, is one of the oldest cities in Italy; formerly a port, the river has built up the land at its mouth so that the sea is now 4 m. off, and the ancient trade of Pisa has been transferred to Leghorn. There are a magnificent cathedral, rich in art treasures, a peculiar campanile of white marble which deviates 14 ft. from the perpendicular, known as the leaning tower of Pisa, several old and beautiful churches, a university, school of art, and library. Silks and ribbons are woven, and coral ornaments cut. In the 11th century Pisa was at the zenith of its prosperity as a republic, with a great mercantile fleet, and commercial relations with all the world. Its Ghibelline sympathies involved it in terrible struggles, in which it gradually sank till its fortunes were merged in those of Tuscany about 1550. The council of Pisa, 1409, held to determine the long-standing rival claims of Gregory XII. and Benedict XII. to the Papal chair, ended by adding a third claimant, Alexander V. Pisa was one of the twelve cities of ancient Etruria.

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pisa — Pisa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pisa — • Archdiocese in Tuscany in central Italy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Pisa     Pisa     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pisa — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para información sobre el Programa Internacional para la Evaluación de Estudiantes (o Informe PISA), véase Informe PISA. Pisa …   Wikipedia Español

  • PISA — PISA, city in Tuscany, central Italy. Benjamin of tudela found 20 Jewish families living there around 1165. It may be presumed that Jews had settled in the city even earlier, attracted by the possibilities offered by the close commercial ties… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PISA — auch: Pi|sa 〈ohne Artikel; Schulw.; Abk. für engl.〉 Programme for International Student Assessment (Programm für internationale Schülerbeurteilung); →a. PISA Studie * * * Pi|sa: Stadt in Italien. PISA, Pi|sa [Abk. für engl. Programme for… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pisa — auch: Pi|sa 〈ohne Artikel; Schulw.; Abk. für engl.〉 Programme for International Student Assessment (Programm für internationale Schülerbeurteilung); →a. PISA Studie * * * Pi|sa: Stadt in Italien. PISA, Pi|sa [Abk. für engl. Programme for… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • PISA, DA — PISA, DA, family of bankers, financers, and international merchants ranked among the best known Italian Jewish families. In 1393 MATASSIA DI SABATO, a member of the well known Bet El or Min ha Keneset Roman family, settled in San Miniato, a small …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • pisa — PISÁ, pisez, vb. I. tranz. 1. A zdrobi, a sfărâma o substanţă, un corp solid prin loviri repetate (cu pisălogul, cu ciocanul etc.), pentru a le face mai mărunte sau a le preface în praf. 2. A bătători, a bătuci, a frământa cu picioarele zăpada,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Pisa [2] — Pisa, 1) Compartimento (Präfectur) im Großherzogthum Toscana, zwischen Lucca, Florenz, Siena u. dem Tyrrhenischen Meere; eben u. sumpfig an beiden Ufern des Arno; an der Küste liegen die ungesunden Landstriche Maremma Pisana. u. Maremma… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pisa [2] — Pisa, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben), 3 m ü. M., zu beiden Seiten des Arno, 10 km von seiner Mündung in das Ligurische Meer, an den Eisenbahnen Genua P. Rom, Florenz P. Livorno und P. Lucca Pistoja und den Dampfstraßenbahnen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • PISA — urbs Peloponnesi ad Alpheum fluv. et mont. Pisaeum, de quo Plut. Regio Pisatis dicitur Straboni. Virg. Georg. l. 3. v. 180. Aut Alphea rotis pralabi flumima Pisa Hinc Pisaeus, nomen gentile. Ovid Amer. l. 3. El. 2. v. 15. Ah quum pene Pelops… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.